EmpedoclesEmpedocles (; , ''Empedoklēs''; ) was a Greek pre-Socratic philosopher and a citizen of Akragas, a Greek city in Sicily. Empedocles' philosophy is best known for originating the cosmogonic theory of the four classical elements. He also proposed forces he called Love and Strife which would mix and separate the elements, respectively. These physical speculations were part of a history of the universe which also dealt with the origin and development of life.
Influenced by Pythagoras (died c. 495 BC) and the Pythagoreans, Empedocles challenged the practice of animal sacrifice and killing animals for food (so he may have been a vegetarian at some stage of his life). He developed a distinctive doctrine of reincarnation. He is generally considered the last Greek philosopher to have recorded his ideas in verse. Some of his work survives, more than is the case for any other pre-Socratic philosopher. Empedocles' death was mythologized by ancient writers, and has been the subject of a number of literary treatments. Provided by Wikipedia
Showing 1 - 12 of 12 for search: 'Empedocles.'
4 Philosophy of nature 2 Cosmology 2 Greek literature 2 Philosophie de la nature 2 Philosophy, Ancient 1 Ancient & Classical more ... 1 Cosmologia (filosofia) 1 Cosmologie antique 1 Cosmology, Ancient 1 Dieux grecs 1 Early works to 1800 1 Filosofia antiga 1 History & Surveys 1 LITERARY CRITICISM 1 Natuurfilosofie 1 PHILOSOPHY 1 Physics 1 Religious aspects 1 Science 1 Spiritual life 1 Vegetarianism see all ... less ...
Year of Publication